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"The Military Pendulum of America's Civil War" Wesleyan Windows to the World READINGS Public Historian and American Civil War Lecturer

*As a starting point for the concept of "turning point:" James P. McPherson's Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction (Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1982)

Chapter 17: "The First Turning Point: Antietam and Emancipation," (pp. 280-302).

Chapter 19: "The Second Turning Point: Gettysburg, Vicksburg and Chattanooga," (pp. 324-344).

*For historical background on the military engagements and events that will be discussed:

Go to:

There, please click on "Find a Park"

Under Advanced Search click "by topic," then click on Civil War and, once again, click on the battle of your choice.

At each site, please click on "History and Culture" and then the links to the battle itself.

To be discussed:

  • Manassas
  • Fort Donelson
  • Pea Ridge
  • Shiloh
  • Antietam
  • Stones River
  • Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania NMP (which will also include Chancellorsville)
  • Gettysburg
  • General Grant
  • Ulysses Grant
  • Vicksburg
  • Petersburg